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Dementia is not exactly a disease. It describes a group of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's disease accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases. Vascular dementia which occurs after a stroke is the second most common dementia type. But there are many other conditions that can cause symptoms of dementia including some that are reversible such as thyroid problems and vitamin deficiencies. Dementia is often incorrectly referred to as senility or senile dementia, which reflects the incorrect belief that serious mental decline, is a normal part of aging. This session discusses a lot about Alzheimer's and dementia and the treatment interventions.
Neuroscience is the logical investigation of the apprehensive system. It is a multidisciplinary part of biology that joins physiology, life systems, sub-atomic science, formative science, cytology, numerical displaying and brain research to comprehend the key and new properties of neurons and neural circuits. The extent of neuroscience has widened after some time to incorporate diverse methodologies used to ponder the sensory system at various scales and the strategies utilized by neurosciences have extended hugely, from sub-atomic and cell investigations of individual neurons to imaging of tactile, engine and psychological undertakings in the cerebrum.
Apathy, depression and anxiety are common conditions experienced by people with dementia. They are known as psychological conditions because they can affect a person’s emotional and mental health. Anxiety is more than just feeling stressed or worried. Anxious feelings are a normal reaction to a situation where a person feels under pressure and usually pass once the stressful situation has passed, or the ‘stressor’ is removed. Depression affects how a person feels about themselves. A person may lose interest in work, hobbies and doing things he or she normally enjoys. Some people may lack energy, have difficulty sleeping or sleep more than usual, while some people feel anxious or irritable and find it hard to concentrate.
The brain is body’s control center. It’s part of the nervous system, which also includes the spinal cord and a large network of nerves and neurons. Together, the nervous system controls everything from your five senses to the muscles throughout your body. When your brain is damaged, it can affect many different things, including your memory, your sensation, and even your personality. Brain disorders include any conditions or disabilities that affect your brain. This includes those conditions that are caused by illness, genetics, or traumatic injury.
Neuroradiology is the study of the biological, neural and structural fragments of cardiology, including particularly the neurological sources of cardiovascular disorders. The impacts of weight on the heart are examined regarding the heart's connections with both the fringe sensory system and the focal sensory system.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic and progressive movement disorder, meaning that symptoms continue and worsen over time. Nearly one million people in the US are living with Parkinson's disease. The cause is unknown, and although there is presently no cure, there are treatment options such as medication and surgery to manage its symptoms.
Diagnosis, Symptoms and Assessment of dementia and Alzheimer's vary greatly. At least two of the following core mental functions must be significantly impaired to be considered dementia such as short-term memory, communication and language, ability to focus and pay attention, reasoning and judgment, visual perception. Doctors diagnose Alzheimer's and other types of dementia based on a careful medical history, a physical examination, laboratory tests, and the characteristic changes in thinking, day-to-day function and behavior associated with each type. Doctors can determine that a person has dementia with a high level of certainty. But it's harder to determine the exact type of dementia because the symptoms and brain changes of different dementias can overlap. This session discusses more about diagnosis, symptoms and assessment of dementia and Alzheimer's.
Without clinical trials there can be no better treatments no prevention and no cure for Alzheimer's disease. Scientists work constantly to find enhanced ways to treat diseases but improved treatments can never become a reality without testing in clinical trials with human volunteers. By participating in clinical research, patients can help to accelerate progress and provide valuable insight into potential treatments and methods of prevention. Participating in clinical trials has the potential to help both the individual participant and other individuals who have Alzheimer's disease or are at risk of developing it. Patients can gain access to potential treatments before they are widely available. They can receive expert medical care at leading healthcare facilities often free of while participating in important medical research. They can help future generations by contributing to Alzheimer's research.
Neurosurgery includes most neurosurgical conditions including neuro-injury and other neuro-crises, intracranial drain. Specific branches have created to oblige extraordinary and troublesome conditions. These specific branches coincide with general neurosurgery in progressively refined emergency clinics. To rehearse propelled specialization inside neurosurgery, extra higher cooperation preparing of one to two years is normal from the neurosurgeon.
Pediatric neurology happens mostly in youngsters or teenagers. Neurology influences around 6 in 100,000 youngsters. Neurology in kids is of three essential sorts in whom two are ischemic neurology in which blockage of veins outcome in absence of blood stream and harm. At the point when a corridor is blocked, the term blood vessel ischemic neurology (AIS) is utilized. At the point when a vein is block, the term utilized is cerebral Sino venous thrombosis (CSVT). In the third shape, haemorrhagic neurology (HS), the vein crack as opposed to being blocked. The most known signs and side effects of neurology incorporate the sudden appearance of failing or deadness of the face, arm or leg, more often than not on one side of the body.
Risk factors associated with dementia include the following Atherosclerosis, which is the thickening and hardening of artery walls due to plaque buildup. Cholesterol, a high level of LDL cholesterol increases the risk of developing vascular dementia. Homocysteine is an amino acid that naturally circulates in your blood and is a building block of protein. A high level of homocysteine is a risk factor for a number of diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, cognitive impairment, stroke and diabetes. Psychological and experiential factors may be a risk factor for dementia as well. For example, if you tend to socially isolate yourself or don’t regularly engage in cognitively stimulating activities, you may be at an increased risk of developing Alzheimer's disease.
Neuropharmacology is the study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system, and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior. There are two main branches of neuropharmacology. They are behavioral and molecular. Behavioral neuropharmacology focuses on the study of how drugs affect human behavior or neuropsychopharmacology including the study of how drug dependence and addiction affect the human brain. Molecular neuropharmacology involves the study of neurons and their neurochemical interactions with the overall goal of developing drugs that have beneficial effects on neurological function. Both of these fields are closely connected since both are concerned with the interactions of neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, neurohormones, neuromodulators, enzymes, second messengers, co-transporters, ion channels, and receptor proteins in the central and peripheral nervous systems. This session discusses more about neuropharmacology.
Neuro-Nursing attendants care for individuals with an assortment of neurological conditions and clutters over the life expectancy and in all social insurance settings. There are numerous specialities enveloped inside this field of work on including the accompanying: Neurosurgery, cerebrum and spinal string damage, neuroscience basic/concentrated consideration, long-term neurological conditions, for example stroke, numerous sclerosis, Parkinson's Disease, epilepsy
Neurodegenerative disease is an umbrella term for a range of conditions which primarily affect the neurons in the human brain. Neurons are the building blocks of the nervous system which includes the brain and spinal cord. Neurons don't reproduce or replace themselves so when they become damaged or die they cannot be replaced by the body. Neurodegenerative diseases are incurable and debilitating conditions that result in progressive degeneration and or death of nerve cells. This causes problems with movement called ataxias, or mental functioning called dementias. Examples of neurodegenerative diseases include Parkinson's, Alzheimer's, and Huntington’s disease, Prion disease, Motor neurone diseases or MND, Spinocerebellar ataxia or SCA, and Spinal muscular atrophy or SMA.
Alzheimer's disease leads to progressive deterioration in the brain, which causes problems with memory and cognition. These changes to the brain can cause a range of behavioral issues. Caregivers of Alzheimer's patients may find their loved ones acting in unfamiliar, even disturbing or violent ways. Sometimes the behavior is so severe that families place Alzheimer's patients in nursing homes or dementia care facilities. There are plenty of coping strategies available to help families develop an understanding of what their loved one is going through as well as help them manage the behavioral effects of dementia. The most common behavioral changes in Alzheimer's patients include angry outbursts and physical aggression; hand-wringing, pacing and rocking; accusing loved ones of wrongdoing and hallucinating; repeating stories and leaving the house unassisted; sleep problems and sundowning. This session discusses more about Behavioral Problems in Alzheimer's disease.
Recent data show that the number of people affected by neurodegenerative dementia is growing at an epidemic pace in various regions of the world. This cross-cultural study examined the relationships among age, gender, ethnicity, religion, and education as well as the attitudes and perceptions related to ageing and dementia. Moreover, the level of education attained was significantly correlated with understanding dementia; regardless of education level, In this study, it was determined that attitudes and perceptions about ageing and dementia are influenced by multiple factors such as education, age, and religion, and that it is imperative that younger generations develop coping strategies including healthy lifestyles and social and/or religious communities to provide quality care to the elderly in general and to dementia patients in particular.
Current trends in dementia epidemic assume that the age-and-sex-specific prevalence of dementia will not vary over time and that population ageing alone increasing the number of older people at risk drives the projected increases. There was some moderately consistent evidence to suggest that the incidence of dementia may be declining in high-income countries. Evidence on trends in the prevalence of dementia was inconsistent across studies and did not suggest any clear overall effect. Declining incidence may be balanced by longer survival with dementia, although mortality trends have been little studied. There is some evidence to suggest increasing prevalence in East Asia, consistent with worsening cardiovascular risk factor profiles, although secular changes in diagnostic criteria may also have contributed. This session discusses more about current trends in dementia.
Nurses provide the specialist dementia support that families need. When things get challenging or difficult, our nurses work alongside people with dementia, and their families: giving them one-to-one support, expert guidance and practical solutions.
Lewy body dementia, otherwise called dementia with Lewy bodies, is the second most basic sort of dynamic dementia after Alzheimer's infection dementia. Protein stores, called Lewy bodies, create nerve cells in the mind districts associated with considering, memory and development (engine control). Lewy body dementia causes a dynamic decrease in mental capacities. Individuals with Lewy body dementia may encounter visual mind flights and changes in sharpness and consideration. Different impacts incorporate Parkinson's malady like indications, for example, inflexible muscles, moderate development, and tremors.
• Alpha-synuclein protein stores
• Visual fantasies
• Reduced capacity to smell
• Identifiable prodromal stage in Lewy body dementia
Neuropsychology is the examination and portrayal of the conduct changes that pursue a neurological injury or condition. It is both a test and clinical field of brain science that intends to see how conduct and cognizance are affected by mind working and is worried about the determination and treatment of social and subjective impacts of neurological issue. While traditional nervous system science centres on the pathology of the sensory system and established brain science is generally separated from it, neuropsychology looks to find how the cerebrum corresponds with the psyche through the investigation of neurological patients. It accordingly shares ideas and worries with neuropsychiatry and with conduct nervous system science as a rule. The term neuropsychology has been connected to injury thinks about in people and creatures. It has additionally been connected in endeavours to record electrical movement from individual cells in higher primates .
Cognitive disorders are common in patients with epilepsy. Their aetiology is multifactorial, being affected by the type and location of the epileptogenic lesion, Epileptic syndrome, type of seizures, and age of onset, frequency and severity. Timely diagnosis and treatment can help to reduce their impact on the patient's quality of life.
A Staring Spell
Uncontrollable Jerking Movements of the Arms and Legs
Loss of Consciousness or Awareness
Central Nervous system plays major role in control of most body functions and connects the most important parts brain and spinal cord. The CNS is vulnerable to various disorders. trauma, infections like meningitis, encephalitis, polio, and epidural abscess, structural defects, tumors, blood flow disruption, autoimmune disorders etc… Approximately 20 million patients suffer from various forms of central nervous system disorder.
Facial nerve paralysis
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